The Hearth Tax was one of the taxes introduced in the reign of Charles II to cope with the debts inherited from the period of the Commonwealth. The Hearth Tax demand was 2/- per hearth, per household, payable in two equal portions at Lady Day and Michaelmas. Occupiers, not owners, were liable for this tax. There were exemptions for: poverty, or where an estate was too small to pay the usual taxes houses not worth more than 20/- per annum blowing houses stamp furnaces kilns hospitals & alms houses Langham had 114 households in 1665 (In 1676 108 families were recorded) there were forty-four exemptions from the Hearth Tax most households had one hearth twenty-five households had two hearths eight households had three hearths Thomas Baxter had four hearths Edward Bristoe had five hearths The Rutland Hearth Tax 1665 published by Rutland Record Society details the names of the 114 householders.
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Hearth Tax 1665
Langham Village History Group